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The Basics: Qualifications and Ratios

  • High school diploma or GED, 12 units (100, 115, and 2 prog/curr), and 3 units administration or staff relations (150 or 155), plus 4 years of teaching experience in a licensed or comparable group child care program, OR
  • AA degree in ECE or CD and 3 units of administration, plus 2 years of teaching experience, OR
  • BA degree in ECE or CD and 3 units of administration, plus 1 years of teaching experience, OR
  • Site Supervisor or Director Permit.
  • Complete 15 hours of health and safety training, and
  • Passed at least 6 units or have an Assistant Teacher permit. o After employment a teacher hired above shall complete at least 2 units each semester until the requirement below are met. Must have on-site supervision by a fully qualified teacher until the 6 additional units are completed, OR
  • Fully qualified teacher: 12 units (100, 115, and 2 prog/curr), plus 50 days of teaching experience within 6 months paid or volunteer in a licensed or comparable group child care program. To work with infants, 3 units must be specialized (103 or 106). School Age teacher may substitute hours for units (see regulations for details) , OR
  • Current CDA (no CDA programs in our area) , OR
  • Current Associate Teacher, Teacher, or Master Teacher permit.
  • 18 year of age (unless a high school graduate or in an ROP program), and
  • Under the direct supervision of a teacher unless escorting children to the bathroom or in napping room (see specific sections for these exemptions), and
  • Completion of at least 6 units or enrolled in at least 2 units per semester until the 6 units are completed. To work with infants, 3 units must be specialized (103 or 106).

​101216.3 Ratio Information (number shall not exceed the licensed capacity of a center)

Title 22 Regulations (typical centers include for-profit, faith based, non-profit but not state funded)
  • 1:12 1 fully qualified teacher for 12 children. (2-5 years old)
  • 1:15 1 fully qualified teacher and 1 aide for 15 children.
  • 1:18 1 fully qualified teacher and 1 aide for 18 preschool aged children (3-5 years old)
  • 1:4 1 fully qualified teacher for 4 infants, or 1:12 infants teacher with 2 aides
  • 1:6 1 fully qualified teacher for 6 toddlers, or 1:12 infants teacher with 1 aide (Toddler Component 18-30 months)
  • 1:14 1 fully qualified teacher for 14 school age children, examples 15 – 28 children= 1 Teacher & 1 Aide; 29 - 42 children = 2 Teachers & 1 Aide; 43 - 56 children = 2 Teachers & 2 Aides.
Title 5 Regulations (typical centers include state funded and Head Start)
  • Infants (0-18 months) 1:3 adult-child ratio, 1:18 teacher-child ratio.
  • Toddlers (18-36 months) 1:4 adult-child ratio, 1:16 teacher-child ratio.
  • Preschool (36 months to Kinder) 1:8 adult-child ratio, 1:24 teacher-child ratio.
  • Afterschool (K-14 years) 1:14 adult-child ratio, 1:28 teacher-child ratio.
  • See additional Title 5 information for comingling of groups and exceeding ratios
  • See additional information for Preschool Program with Toddler Component and Parent Cooperative Centers.